Amelia K Kivaisi. University of Dar es Salaam, Botany Department, Applied Microbiology Unit, P.O. Box 35060, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Este artículo se considera número uno del Top 25 de la revista ecological engineering, de enero a marzo de 2011, y ha sido citado 131 veces enSciVerse Scopus.Lo colocamos aquí por su relevancia en la aplicación de humedales en regiones como México.
Constructed wetlands are among the recently proven efficient technologies for wastewater treatment. Compared to conventional treatment systems, constructed wetlands are low cost, are easily operated and maintained, and have a strong potential for application in developing countries, particularly by small rural communities. However, these systems have not found widespread use, due to lack of awareness, and local expertise in developing the technology on a local basis. This paper summarizes information on current methods used for wastewater treatment in developing countries, and briefly gives basic information on wetlands. The paper further examines the potential of constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment and reuse in developing countries by looking at the results of current research initiatives towards implementation of the technology in these countries. Future considerations in choosing constructed wetlands as wastewater treating systems in developing countries are highlighted.
Keywords: Developing countries; Water shortage; Wastewater treatment; Constructed wetlands